Hepatitis B is an infection of the liver caused by the Hepatitis B virus (HBV). Depending on the type of infection, HBV can be short-term (acute) or long-term (chronic). HBV can be transmitted by blood, semen, or bodily fluid from an infected person.
Hepatitis B is spread through:
- Sexual contact
- Sharing of needles and syringes
- Sharing of razors or toothbrushes with an infected person
- Infected mother to her baby at birth
Signs and symptoms include:
- Stomach pain
- Dark urine
- Clay-colored bowel movements
- Joint pain
Chronic infections can be treated with antiviral meds. Routine lab monitoring should occur in order to evaluate liver damage.